Tag Archives: security

Home School Education – Advantages And Disadvantages

Why Parents Decide on a Home School Education

Progressively more young boys and girls these days happen to be experiencing a home school education. The motives for electing the option to homeschool their kids differs from family to family however you will find three primary explanation why parents happen to be extracting their kids from the public school system and consequently providing them with a home school education.

The first motive is the fact that public education system nationally happens to be battling to make available a suitable education for the country’s children with outdated text books, shabby school buildings as well as substandard equipment. Provision associated with a home school education makes it possible for the parents to acquire control over the quality and standard of the academic materials utilized by their children along with the basic environments through which they may be educated.


Another factor to consider is the fact that parents would like to assume additional control over the influences their kids will undoubtedly be subjected to. This is usually based on religious grounds however, most of the time, it is merely due to the fact that a home school education will guarantee the child learns the values, ideals and beliefs upheld by the family unit and furthermore is going to be educated from an early age precisely what behaviour and conduct is aacepatable and appropriate. The fact is that, a large number of open public schools have a relatively negative track record of instilling good discipline in students. This more often than not leads to poorly behaved children disrupting classes and furthermore preventing their colleagues from receiving the complete benefit of instructional classes. Discipline as well as the maintaining of suitable standards of conduct is an integral part of a home school education.

The third explanation numerous mothers and fathers elect to provide their kids a home school education is without a doubt concern for their health and safety. Violence, both physical and emotional, is on the rise just about everywhere and the public school system has not steered clear of this trend. Violence within the public education system is actually getting more severe and in addition the individual acts of violence tend to be more serious. There have been numerous tragedies within our public school education involving firearms and knives where teachers and students ended up being injured, killed or even sexually assaulted. A home school education guarantees the safety of children who would undoubtedly generally be seriously vulnerable to harm.

The Disadvantages of Choosing Home schooling

Offering a home school education is not necessarily a matter of parental choice. In many instances the departmant of education of the province or state where the family resides will likely need to consent to a decision to offer a child a home school education. The individual agreeing to the responsibility of home schooling ought to be certified or licensed to be a home teacher, the actual curriculum is required to follow the state curriculum, and in addition the text books along with other educational materials to be utilized will have to be authorized by the state. Even though this may very well appear to be just like excessive interference in what is often a question of personal choice, the state has a responsibility and obligation to make certain that all children be given an acceptable standard of education and in addition inspections will probably be undertaken in order to make certain that any child being kept away from public school is being adequately educated.

A home school education may possibly mean that a child is missing out on a number of options that would have most certainly been accessible within the public school system. There could possibly be complications when it comes to providing facilities for athletic children to achieve their potential. Musically gifted children may very well be in a similar fashion disadvantaged. In certain states there exists provision for children receiving a home school education to participate in amenities for instance having the ability to attend sporting activities and sign up for after-school clubs. Having said that, the degree and quality of support made available to homeschooling parents is simply not consistent and varies a lot depending on location.

The last possible drawback to have an impact on children receiving a home school education is the fact that they are not going to develop the social skills that will be essential as they develop. Social interaction with their peers along with adults outside the family is crucial if a child is going to mature with a suitably balanced personality along with a reasonable degree of social skills. These types of developmental concerns may very well be very easily overcome if for example your child resides within a region where by homeschooling parents are provided help and support in addition to the child receiving a home school education may be accepted into classes and extra-curricular activities.

The choice to keep a child out of the public education system is not one any parent would make lightly and just about any weighing up of the advantages and disadvantages will need to take under consideration the degree of help and support the state can provide. In spite of this, in the event the public school system continues to deteriorate, the quantity of children getting a home school education is likely to increase.


Source: Tammy Carter, hslda.org, homeschool.com, thestir.cafemom.com, questar.org


South Africa takes its seat on the UN Security Council

South Africa fully committed itself to international peacekeeping initiatives on 1 January 2011 the moment it took its position for a second term on the UN Security Council (UNSC).

Elected in by 182 member nations of the UN General Assembly this past year, the country is going to function as a non-permanent member for the 2011/12 term.

The UNSC is comprised of five permanent members – China, France, Russia, the UK and US – in addition to 10 non-permanent members, which at the moment are Bosnia and Herzegovina; Germany; Portugal; Brazil; India; South Africa; Colombia; Lebanon; Gabon and Nigeria.

Typically the council is mainly responsible for preserving peace and security internationally, in most cases by advocating that the individuals or groups concerned achieve an amicable and binding agreement. The UNSC at the same time performs investigations into regions of conflict and may even send in UN peacekeeping armed forces to further diminish hostility.

South Africa’s Department of International Relations and Cooperation (Dirco) said the country’s UNSC seat will give it an opportunity to create stronger relationships along with other fellow member states.

The department went ahead and added that South Africa is fully committed and dedicated to contributing towards the effort of the UNSC to maintain international peace and security, specifically in Africa.

UN ambassador Baso Sangqu

“South Africa would like to enhance and improve the African agenda inside the security council,” said the country’s UN ambassador Baso Sangqu.

The simple truth is that more than two-thirds of the conflicting situations and crises which the security council mainly deals with are located in Africa. This is not something which we should be proud of,” he was quoted saying.

Gaining knowledge through past experiences

South Africa previously served on the UNSC in 2007 and 2008. “During this period, South Africa has learnt crucial lessons,” Sangqu added, who will head the country’s UNSC delegation.

Dirco proclaimed it has put together a highly skilled group of diplomats and officials in order to assist South Africa to function and serve on the council.

“ When it comes to its actions, South Africa is going to be well guided mainly because of the commitment to support and uphold international law and universal values, in addition to be of assistance to others to protect and safeguard or attain their inherent and inalienable rights,” proclaimed International Relations and Cooperation Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane.

Minister Maite Nkoana-Mashabane

She went ahead and added the fact that the country would certainly carry on with its initiatives to promote and enhance UNSC’s cooperation with the help of regional organisations, specifically African Union’s Peace and Security Council.

Sangqu stated: “Ivory Coast is going to be a challenge and issue we are going to have to deal with. There happens to be a standoff in relation to exactly who the leader is. Being a council member, South Africa will need to lead from the front when it comes to these kinds of issues.”

South Africa will in addition strongly recommend for additional resources to be able to deal with the conflict in Somalia, the ambassador added.

He was quoted saying the UNSC must not allow the state of affairs in that country end up being “a forgotten conflict” much like the dispute between Morocco and Western Sahara guerrillas.

Source: mediaclubsouthafrica.com


South African travellers cashing in on robust rand

The robust rand is turning South African travellers directly into clever forex consumers in advance of international trips and their upcoming holiday seasons in distant locations.

The trend continues to be noticed and applauded by Bidvest Financial institution, foreign currency experts, which claim to offer the country’s most extensive variety of foreign exchange.

Craig MacFarlane, head of retail operations, notes: “Smart travellers are making extensive use of products such as pre-paid travel cards and Travellers Cheques that enable them to fix their exchange rate. They are particularly careful to select well-resourced banking outlets with the facility to provide a competitive exchange rate that they can check there and then, right down to every decimal point.”

Bidvest Bank claims the pattern to smart forex purchasing by well-informed customers applies to all classes of holidaymakers – from those found on limited finances to individuals taking pleasure in extended trips and luxury cruises, both on vacation or on business venture.

The purchasing of considerable amounts of foreign bank notes has however prompted security measure concerns. “Those who take all their forex in cash should make sure they have a safe and secure place to keep it safe ahead of and during their travels. A loss of cash is irreplaceable whereas the safety features of a world currency card ensure that your spending money is protected,” says MacFarlane.

Bidvest Bank in addition has observed customer nervousness about ongoing rand strength and concerns about possible weakness in the future.

MacFarlane added: “Consumers are generally well informed. They know that these days you can buy currency up to 60 days before you travel and they are also aware that currency markets can be volatile. This is why many travellers who have booked their European skiing holidays or other overseas holiday options are buying their foreign exchange now, at a time of rand strength. Those taking out their ‘holiday allowance’ are particularly eager to lock in a favourable exchange rate.”

Resulting from passenger concerns concerning currency unpredictability, Bidvest is providing a new service which allows consumers who need R100 000 or more in foreign exchange to book their particular forex rate up to six months in advance. Customers are able to use the facility in order to lock in currently robust exchange rates as a way of managing the risk of a slide against world foreign currencies should existing rate tendencies go into reverse.

“Our volumes at the moment are influenced to a large extent by Christmas holiday travellers making use of the 60-day window, but after the holiday rush we expect greater uptake of the six-month forward cover option.”

Source: forexrevue.com, guardian.co.uk,


South Africa is extremely friendly

Almost 90% of visitors who came to South Africa during the 2010 Fifa World Cup found locals to be very friendly and hospitable, according to a recent survey which highlighted the economic potential of the local tourism industry.

The survey was run by the Democratic Alliance (DA), the official opposition party to the ruling African National Congress.

The results, released on 19 September, showed that 89% of tourists found South Africans to be “extremely welcoming”.

The 98 face-to-face interviews, conducted by the party during the month-long football spectacle, took place in and around host stadiums and near shuttle services. The survey covered the Western Cape, Eastern Cape, KwaZulu-Natal, Gauteng, Free State and Mpumalanga provinces.

According to the results, not one of the interviewees found South Africans to be unfriendly, and only 11% found locals to be “friendly”, as opposed to “very friendly”.

This research indicates that the impressions of the estimated 383 000 World Cup tourists are more positive than what has been reported in the media, the party said in a statement.

“The results are a ringing endorsement of our successful hosting of the 2010 Fifa World Cup and a testament to the successful rebranding of our country that occurred during this period,” said DA shadow minister of tourism and member of parliament, Greg Krumbock.

The survey also focused on related areas of interest, such as safety, personal experiences, public transport facilities and hospitality-industry prices.

Most visitors ‘felt safe’

About 70% of tourists felt safe in South Africa, while 26.4% believed they were very safe. Only 3.8% felt they were somewhat unsafe.

“A number indicated that their actual experiences were completely different to what they had been led to expect,” Krumbock said.

The party, which governs the Western Cape province, attributed the feelings of safety to the visibility of police officers. The government deployed more than 40 000 police men and women for World Cup operations.

Prices fair

“Fears that World Cup tourists would be overcharged proved unfounded,” Krumbock said.

Competition in the hospitality industry resulted in tourists being charged fairly. The survey revealed that 48% of tourists found prices to be reasonable and similar to those in their own countries.

Some 45% found prices, especially at restaurants, to be cheaper than in their own countries. Only 6.8% of tourists thought prices were higher in South Africa, “with most of these respondents finding taxi fares or accommodation more expensive”.

Best experiences outside stadiums

Although World Cup tourists came to South Africa to watch their favourite teams play, most said their best experiences were had while touring the country – according to the survey.

Only 23.5% of the visitors found watching their national team and the general World Cup experience to be the highlight of their trip, said the DA.

About 31.5% found activities such as whale-watching and game drives to be “their most memorable experience during the tournament”. The highly rated Kruger Park National Park was one of the most popular tourist destinations for game-spotting.

More than 75% of respondents said South Africa needs to improve its public transport systems, with related complaints being the potholes in certain roads, untarred routes, congested traffic in Johannesburg and expensive private taxi fares.

World Cup proved country’s potential

The survey shows that the potential of South Africa’s tourism sector to spur economic growth remains impressive, the DA said, adding that this was “due to the significant gap between actual experiences in our country and some negative perceptions that exist abroad”.

South Africa needs to embark on more aggressive marketing abroad, said Krumbock. More needs to be invested in the industry to “unlock this potential” and enable the country to compete effectively with destinations like Australia, he added.

“The World Cup has proved that this potential is far greater than previously realised, and single-minded determination is needed to take advantage of that.”

Source: mediaclubsouthafrica.com


Lodging Managers

Significant Points

* Long hours, including night and weekend work, are common.
* Employment is projected to grow more slowly than the average for all occupations.
* College graduates with degrees in hotel or hospitality management should have better opportunities for jobs at full-service hotels and for advancement than those without a degree.

Nature of the Work

A comfortable room, good food, and a helpful staff can make being away from home an enjoyable experience for both vacationing families and business travelers. Lodging managers make sure that these conveniences are provided, while also ensuring that the establishments are run efficiently and profitably. Most lodging managers work in traditional hotels and motels, but some work in other lodging establishments, such as recreational camps and RV parks, inns, boardinghouses, and youth hostels.

Lodging establishments can vary significantly in size and in the number of services they provide, which can range from supplying a simple in-room television and a continental breakfast to operating a casino and accommodating conventions. These factors affect the number and type of lodging managers employed at each property.

The one person who oversees all lodging operations at a property is usually called a general manager. At larger hotels with several departments and multiple layers of management, the general manager and multiple assistant managers coordinate the activities of separate departments.  In smaller limited-service hotels—mainly those without food and beverage service—one lodging manager may direct all the activities of the property.

Lodging managers have overall responsibility for the operation and profitability of the hotel. Depending on the hotel and the size of its staff, lodging managers may either perform or direct housekeeping, personnel, office administration, marketing and sales, purchasing, security, maintenance, oversight of recreation facilities, and other activities. They may hire and train staff, set schedules, and lend a hand when needed.

Within guidelines established by the owners of the hotel or executives of the hotel chain, lodging managers set room rates, allocate funds to departments, approve expenditures, and ensure that standards for guest service, decor, housekeeping, food quality, and banquet operations are met. Increasingly, lodging managers also are responsible for ensuring that the information technology common in today’s hotels is operational. Some lodging managers, often called revenue managers, work in financial management, monitoring room sales and reservations, overseeing accounting and cash-flow matters at the hotel, projecting occupancy levels, and deciding which rooms to discount and when to offer rate specials.

Front office managers, a category of lodging manager, coordinate reservations and room assignments and train and direct the hotel’s front desk staff. They ensure that guests are treated courteously, complaints and problems are resolved, and requests for special services are carried out. At some hotels, they may greet the guests personally and provide them individual attention to see their needs are met. Any adjustments to bills often are referred to front office managers for resolution.

Convention services managers coordinate the activities of various departments to accommodate meetings, conventions, and special events. They meet with representatives of groups or organizations to plan the number of conference rooms to reserve, the configuration of the meeting space, and determine what other services the group will need, such as catering or banquets and audio, visual, or other electronic requirements. During the meeting or event, they resolve unexpected problems and monitor activities to ensure that hotel operations conform to the group’s expectations.

Lodging managers may work with hotel sales and marketing directors and public relations directors to manage and coordinate the advertising and promotion of the hotel. They help develop lodging and dining specials and coordinate special events, such as holiday or seasonal specials. They may direct their staff to purchase advertising and to market their property to organizations or groups seeking a venue for conferences, conventions, business meetings, trade shows, and special events.

Lodging managers who oversee the personnel functions of a hotel or serve as human resource directors ensure that all accounting, payroll, and employee relations matters are handled in compliance with hotel policy and applicable laws. They also oversee hiring practices and standards and ensure that training and promotion programs reflect appropriate employee development guidelines.

Computers are used extensively by lodging managers and their assistants to keep track of guests’ bills, reservations, room assignments, meetings, and special events. In addition, computers are used to order food, beverages, and supplies, as well as to prepare reports for hotel owners and top-level managers. Many hotels also provide extensive information technology services for their guests. Managers work with computer specialists and other information technology specialists to ensure that the hotel’s computer systems, Internet, and communications networks function properly.

Work environment.

Because hotels are open around the clock, night and weekend work is common. Many lodging managers work more than 40 hours per week and are often on-call, which means they may be called back to work at any time. In some hotels and resort properties where work is seasonal, managers may have other duties less related to guest services during the off season or they may find work in other hotels or occupations.

The pressures of coordinating a wide range of activities, turning a profit for investors, and dealing with guests who sometimes are angry can be stressful. Managing conferences and working at the front desk during check-in and check-out times can be particularly hectic.

Source: bls.gov, cnn.com, education.com, sjsu.edu, seattleschools.com, rateglobe.com