Tag Archives: OECD

Which are the 10 Most Educated Countries in the World?

 

During the past half century, college graduation rates with regard to developed countries have risen by approximately 200%, as outlined by Education at a Glance 2011, a report published by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD). The most recent report indicates that despite the fact that education has improved in general, it has certainly not improved uniformly, with a few countries benefiting from considerably higher rates of educational attainment as opposed to others.

The countries with the most highly educated individuals are, in addition some of the wealthiest in the world. The United States, Japan and Canada are contained in the list and also have among the largest GDPs. Norway and Australia, likewise featured, possess the second and sixth-highest GDPs per capita, respectively. Each and every one of these countries vigorously invest in education.

The reality is such that the countries that invest the most in education produce the most-educated people. Every one of the best-educated countries, with the exception of the UK, fall within the top 15 OECD countries for most significant spending on tertiary education – that is, college or college-equivalent – spending as a percentage of GDP. The U.S. spends the second most and Canada spends the fourth most.

 

Strangely enough, public expenditure on educational institutions relative to private spending by these countries is modest in comparison with other countries in the OECD. Even though the bulk of education continues to be funded with public money, eight of the countries on the list below depend the least on public funding as a percentage of total education spending.

The countries included below have had educated populations for an extended time. Despite the fact that they have continuously increased the percentages of their populations with post secondary educations, the increases are generally modest in comparison to developing countries. The US, Canada and Japan have in the past had tertiary educational attainment in excess of 30% since at least 1997. Poland, a recently developed country which is not included in list, experienced a tertiary educational rate of 10% in 1997 which has subsequently grown to 21% in 2009.

The 10 most educated countries in the world are:

1. Canada
2. Israel
3. Japan
4. United States
5. New Zealand
6. South Korea
7. Norway
8. United Kingdom
9. Australia
10. Finland

To view full reportĀ  – click here

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Developed nations should invest in African universities

Science and Technology Minister Naledi Pandor has urged developed nations to invest in rebuilding African universities.

Pandor, who was speaking at the Africa University Day Symposium, said strengthening higher education through active collaboration was an important strategy for enhancing human development and attaining regional integration in Africa.

“Developed nations must invest in rebuilding African universities, and provide funding for scientists to pursue postgraduate and postdoctoral work in Africa.

“In today’s globalised and interconnected world, we encourage brain circulation through cultural and material incentives. We need to support Africa to become an attractive location to pursue high quality research,” she said.

 

Four in ten African scientists live and work in Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries, according to the Network of African Science Academies (NASAC), and this has crippled research development in Africa.

According to Pandor, there was also a sharp renewal in enrolment in sub-Saharan African countries.

“Enrolments in sub-Saharan African universities tripled between 1991 and 2005, expanding at an annual rate of 8.7 percent, which is one of the highest regional growth rates in the world.

“We also see a renewal in the growing number of African students looking for higher education elsewhere in Africa and abroad.

“Studies show that the international mobility of students has increased significantly over the past 10 to 15 years,” she said.

The former Education Minister said not all universities can be research intensive, adding that if such institutions were to be built, the continent should look towards new and innovative partnerships to support their vision.

Maybe Africa should start looking for funding from within the continent and stop asking for handouts from developed nations?
Maybe if developed nations see Africa trying to fend for themselves, then they will look to invest in the continent?

Source: BuaNews

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SA to use OECD as learning tool to improve performance

Government is to use the upcoming Organisation for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) 3rd World Forum on Statistics, Knowledge and Policy as a learning tool to improve its performance.

Minister in the Presidency responsible for Performance Monitoring and Evaluation, Collins Chabane, said this forum would help government gain knowledge and learn from other countries.

“We view this forum as an opportunity, as we work towards charting the way forward in measuring performance in our country, to gain knowledge and learn how the rest of the world is and has been approaching this function and what experiences can we apply in South Africa, ” said Chabane.

Collins Chabane

The minister will lead a South African delegation of senior government officials to the conference to be held in South Korea from Tuesday to Friday.

Under the theme “Charting Progress, Building Visions, Improving Life”, the forum seeks to better understand the potential for new visions to address the current economic crisis.

It will further explore ways of improving people’s lives and discuss the role that evidence-based debate among citizens could play in fostering societal change.

Oecd Members

The minister is expected to present the South African Green Paper on Performance Monitoring and Evaluation at the conference for discussion and debate.

According to the ministry, the paper will be presented at a high level plenary session on new policies, new behaviours and new institutions.

In his address, Chabane will also highlight the policy rationale, aims and challenges of the Ministry for Performance, Monitoring and Evaluation and seek input and partnership with global institutions in carrying out this function in South Africa.

“The conference will be an opportunity for the ministry to find best practices and also find out what challenges has the rest of the world been confronted with to enable us to take them into consideration as we carry out our mandate,” the ministry said.

The forum is being run as part of the Global Project on “Measuring the Progress of Societies” hosted by the OECD in collaboration with other international and regional organizations.

The Global Project brings together, in a network, thousands of people around the world working in different disciplines, to exchange ideas and best practices to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of understanding, measuring and promoting progress using evidence.

The forum is expected to be attended by 200 authoritative speakers and some 1500 high level participants from more than 130 countries.

Delegates will include politicians and policy makers, opinion leaders, academics, statisticians, journalists and representatives of civil society from all regions of the world.

The conference is co-hosted by the OECD and the Government of South Korea in cooperation with the European Commission, the World Bank, the United Nations Development Programme, African and the Inter-American Development Banks and Organisation of Islamic Conference.

Source: BuaNews, oecd.org

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