Vanrhynsdorp: Die Weskus dorpie spog die afgelope jaar met gereelde buitelanders wat hier kom kers opsteek.
Die afgelope vier jaar, nadat die SA Leer Akademie waar mense kan leer om leer produkte totaal met die hand te maak, platteland toe getrek het
En sedertdien het mense van Dubai, België, Zimbabwe, Brasilië, Namibia en Botswana al die pad hiernatoe gekom om opgelei te word deur een van Suid Afrika se top opleiers in leer handwerk.
Die SA Leer Akademie, gestig in 1983 deur Frik van Jaarsveld, het vier jaar gelede Vanrhynsdorp toe getrek om daar in rus en vrede opleiding te gee.
“Ons maak leer produkte op dieselfde manier wat leer meesters in die vorige eeu dit gedoen het. Ons maak meeste van ons eie gereedskap en stik alles met die hand”, aldus Frik.
SALA, soos die Leer Akademie bekend staan, het ook Suid Afrika se enigste handleiding in leerwerk opgestel.
Leer werk kursusse neem tien dae en daarna kan suksesvolle leerlinge produkte van internasionale gehalte maak.
Omdat die kuns van handgemaakte leer produkte besig was om uit te sterf het die grootste maatskappye oorsee opgehou om handgereedskap te maak en meeste van die gereedskap word nou in die Ooste vervaardig.
Volgens leer handwerkers is die gereedskap van ‘n swakker gehalte, breek maklik en is moeilik om te vervang.
Die Akademie het verlede jaar met navorsing en ontwikkeling begin en maak tans vir elke student ‘n basiese stel gereedskap waarmee hulle tuis kan begin werk na die kursus.
Volgens Frik het die Akademie die afgelope 30 jaar reeds sowat 200 mense aan die kuns bekendgestel en doen elke maand ten minste een kursus.
“Almal kan nie Vanrhynsdorp toe kom vir tien dae nie. Daarom gaan ons ook gereeld na die ander groter sentra in Suid Afrika om kursusse aan te bied.
“Ons was verras die afgelope twee jaar om aansoeke te kry uit Dubai, Zimbabwe en veral toe ‘n vrou van België ook by ons kom opleiding ontvang. Ons hanteer tans navrae vanaf Kenia en die res van Afrika.
Een van ons studente is op pad Portugal toe om vandaar Suid Afrikaanse leer goedere te verkoop.
President Jacob Zuma revealed a range of campaigns to further improve job creation, along with the creation of a R9-billion job opportunities fund, when he declared that 2011 will be South Africa’s “year of job creation” as part of his State of the Nation address in Parliament.
“Our goal is crystal clear,” Zuma said in Cape Town last Thursday. “All of us are looking for a nation whereby millions more South Africans have decent employment opportunities, which includes a modern national infrastructure in addition to a vibrant economy, and additionally in which the quality of life is high.
“All of us have a responsibility and obligation to work hard in order to make this a reality.”
The campaigns Zuma mentioned made it easy to flesh out the government’s New Growth Path, made available the later part of last year, which is designed to create five million employment opportunities by 2020 in addition to bring South Africa’s unemployment rate right down to 15%.
The nation’s unemployment rate decreased marginally during the final quarter of 2010, from 25.3% in last year’s third quarter to 24%.
Six priority areas
In accordance with the New Growth Path, Zuma proclaimed six priority areas are going to be targeted in an attempt to generate significantly more jobs, including: infrastructure development, agriculture, mining and beneficiation, manufacturing, the “green” economy, and tourism.
He was quoted saying that the private sector would definitely be essential in the country’s endeavours to provide considerably more jobs and also that business, labour and communities would need to interact with each other to conquer unemployment.
The R9-billion jobs fund would finance new job-creation projects over a three-year period and additionally is going to be complemented as a result of an amount of R10-billion to be earmarked through the Industrial Development Corporation (IDC) over the upcoming five years intended for investment in projects that have high job-creation potential.
R20bn in regulations and tax breaks for manufacturing
Zuma at the same time declared R20-billion in tax allowances along with tax breaks to encourage investment opportunities, expansions and improvements in South Africa’s manufacturing sector.
The Department of Trade and Industry showcased the particular initiative late last year.
For a project to be able to be eligible, the minimum investment is required to be R200-million for brand new projects, and R30-million intended for expansion and upgrades, he explained. The programme will offer an allowance up to R900-million in tax-deductible allowances for first time investors and R550-million for upgrades and expansions.
Small business support
To further improve help and support to small businesses, the government is likely to have a look at combining three of their monetary funds that focused on small businesses – Khula, the SA Micro-Finance Apex Fund (Samaf), and the IDC’s small business funding activities – into a single unit.
This certainly will make it possible for the government to prevent duplication of financial support, reduce administrative costs in addition to bolster the readily available investment capital for small enterprises, Zuma pointed out.
He went ahead and added the fact that the government campaign to pay small businesses in a timely manner – within 30 days – was indeed proceeding well, adding that during the last financial year the SMME Hotline had received more than 20 000 telephone calls and additionally facilitated about R210-million in payments.
He at the same time added that several other departments had their own unique campaigns, such as the Department of Public Works’ Re Ya Patala (We Pay) initiative.
The government would definitely carry on with legislative reforms in order to make it simpler to register businesses, as well as improve the Competition Act to open the marketplace to new participants.
Zuma pointed out South Africa’s Expanded Public Works Programme intended to generate 4.5-million job opportunities, and remarked that over a million opportunities have already been created since the beginning of phase 2 of the programme.
The programme concentrates on repairing the country’s roads networks; additionally , the government would definitely furthermore develop national infrastructure to enhance the agricultural sector. Zuma mentioned water reservoirs, windmills and irrigation schemes are going to be rehabilitated.
“These types of projects will certainly boost food security as well as create work opportunities for many people, specifically women in rural areas,” he explained.
He pointed out the the conversion process associated with the country’s television and radio signals from an analogue platform to a digital signal would undoubtedly create many employment opportunities in manufacturing, packaging, distribution and installation.
Zuma pointed out the government’s job creation initiative would undoubtedly at the same time greatly enhance youth development.
“The National Youth Development agency is in discussion together with state organs and the private sector to mainstream youth development in public sector programmes as well as to boost youth enterprises and cooperatives,” he was quoted saying.
He explained the government had in addition established the National Rural Youth Service Corps programme to help and assist youth in rural areas. Up to now, in excess of 7 000 young individuals have already been employed in the programme.
The administration has also been taking a look at concentrating on the tourism market, where Zuma remarked that for every 16 tourists that visited the country, one job opportunity was created.
South Africa’s tourist arrivals happen to be up from 6.3-million in 2009 to 7.3-million during the past year.
The country would certainly develop already present market segments while exploring the up and coming economies, at the same time seeking to increase the quantity of international conferences and sports events the country hosts.
He said South Africa had presently secured 95 international meetings and conferences between 2010 and 2016.
The government would certainly at the same time take a look at flexible visa requirements, improved landing slots at foreign airports, combined with superior travel and leisure infrastructure.
Associated with tourism, the government will carry on to build up the cultural industries sector.
Social security reform
Zuma declared that while the government would certainly look for ways to enhance the standard of living of workers, as a result of reviewing the legislation relating to labour brokers, the government’s position paper on social security reform was likely to be unveiled this coming year for discussion.
“Concerns to be addressed range from the funding and nature of the National Social Security Fund, the way the private sector occupational and retirement funds will compliment the entire system, as well as the possible regulatory structure,” he explained.
He explained the government would definitely this coming year finalise and adopt its minerals beneficiation strategy to improve the overall economy.
The nation is abundant with mineral wealth, but the majority of of the mineral deposits mined happen to be subject to beneficiation beyond the borders of South Africa, robbing the country of business opportunities.
Zuma pointed out that ministers would have to detail their respective job targets when they tabled their budget vote speeches.
He said provincial and local governments have already been requested to align programmes together with the job creation imperative, and that state-owned entities and development finance institutions would certainly in addition bolster job-creation efforts.
7.3-million tourists in 2010, 5-million HIV/Aids tests since April, 400 000 more people with running water, R9-billion for job creation, R20-billion in tax breaks to boost manufacturing … take a quick run-through of the figures contained in President Jacob Zuma’s 2011 State of the Nation address.
Take a quick run-through of the figures contained in President Jacob Zuma’s 2011 State of the Nation address.
* 21 years – since former President Nelson Mandela walked to freedom after 27 years as a political prisoner.
* 17 years – since South Africa’s transition to a non-racial, non-sexist, equal and democratic society.
* 400 000 – the number of additional people served with basic water supply in 2010.
* 81% – the proportion of the country electrified, compared to 63% in the year 2000.
* 8,6% – the decline in the murder rate over the past year.
* 15 million – the number of South Africans currently receiving social grants.
* R9 billion – Government’s fund to support job creation over the next three years.
* R10 billion – funds set aside by the Industrial Development Corporation for investment over the next five years in economic activities with high jobs potential.
* R20 billion – tax allowances or tax breaks to be put in place to promote investments, expansions and upgrades in the manufacturing sector.
* R550 million – funds set aside for upgrades and expansions.
* 30% – the mining industry’s contribution to the country’s total export revenue.
* 7,3 million – the number of tourists that arrived in South Africa last year.
* 95 – the number of meetings and conferences South Africa has secured between 2010 and 2016.
* R2 billion – the contribution of the cultural industries sector to the country’s Gross Domestic Product
* R475 million – the contribution of the Cape Town International Jazz Festival to the Western Cape economy.
* 2 000 – the number of jobs created during the Cape Town International Jazz in 2010.
* R75 billion – Eskom’s investment in the new stations Medupi, Kusile and Ingula, as well as the return to service and transmission of other projects.
* 400 000 – the number of households that should have security of tenure by 2014.
* R2,6 billion – the amount that government will spend on water services this year.
* 4,5 million – the number of work opportunities that the Expanded Public Works Programme aims to create.
* 800 – the number of construction jobs created by the Bid for the Square Kilometre Array radio telescope
* 6 000 – the number of learners supported by Denel, Eskom, SAA and Transnet in technical and engineering-related scarce and critical skills.
* 105 – the number of nursing colleges that will be revitalised countrywide to train more nurses.
* 5 million – the number of HIV tests done since the launch of the testing campaign in April 2010.
* 700 000 – the number of first-time identity documents issued in Libode following the National Population Registration Campaign.
* R800 million – the funds allocated for immediate relief to assist communities affected by floods.
* 2 000 – the military personnel deployed by.the South African National Defence Force in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the Sudan and the Central African Republic.
* 2,5 trillion – the value of South Africa’s mining assets – in US dollars.
Africa’s overall economy is without a doubt on the right track and may even come up with a quicker financial recovery from the recession when compared to the US. This is based on the World Bank’s Global Economic Prospects report for 2011.
The report, released in mid-January, forecasted that sub-Saharan Africa would most likely improve its gross domestic product (GDP) from 4.7% in 2010 to 5.3% for this year. That number might possibly be bumped upwards to 5.5% in 2012.
The report in particular mentioned that price levels in metals, minerals and oil, along with more significant investment in manufacturing and telecommunications companies, have definitely contributed towards the growth.
As indicated by Phumelele Mbiyo, Standard Bank’s Senior Africa Strategist for Global Market Research, the numbers suggest that economic activity, particularly in relation to mining and construction, is without a doubt growing in the region.
“The reason behind this type of increase is simply because prices for commodities are fairly high and they have enticed investment, in particular from emerging markets such as China,” he said.
Mbiyo is convinced an average person would most likely reap the benefits of these types of optimistic forecasts, as companies have the desire to seek the services of locals.
“There has already been increased employment of locals within the mining and construction industries. There is certainly destined to be a considerable amount of employment in future, primarily by European and American based companies who have invested heavily in mining in Africa.”
High continental growth
Having said that, the report pointed out the fact that the best growth rates were not necessarily to emerge from South Africa, the region’s traditional economic hub. Rather, the greatest figures originated from countries such as Nigeria, Angola, Kenya, the Republic of Congo, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Botswana, Zambia, Malawi, and Tanzania.
South Africa has been projected at 3.5% for 2011 in contrast to other countries from the other countries in the region were believed to grow at an average of 6.4% for the same year.
Mbiyo outlined that this is simply not for the reason that South Africa’s growth is slowing down, but instead for the reason that other countries are beginning completely new industries now not to mention coming from a low base whereas South Africa had already established exactly the same industrial sectors years ago.
“Angola is set to grow by 7% on average whereas Ghana will average 13% over the following two years. Simply because the latter is beginning to supply oil,” said Mbiyo.
He added that Africa should really at this time concentrate on sustaining growth mainly because the continent continue to lags behind other major developing and developed economies.
* Production and professional jobs account for over half of all jobs in the industry; professional workers need a college degree, while most production workers need some form of post secondary vocational training.
* Employment growth will be limited by productivity improvements and the continued production of parts in foreign countries.
* Partly as a result of the high skill level of workers, average earnings are higher than in most other industries.
* Job prospects should be favorable for workers in professional occupations due to a large number of expected retirements.
Nature of the Industry
Goods and services.
For most of history, the idea of moving people or objects through the air or into space was inconceivable. Today, however, airplanes are the fastest way to move people and goods around the world, and space travel has gone from being a dream to reality. From the TV traffic helicopter to the B-2 bomber to the voyager space probe, everything that moves through the air or space is produced by the aerospace industry.
Because of the high speeds that most aerospace products move at, they must be strong, but since they also must defy gravity, they also need to be light. As a result, workers in this industry use many specialized materials in production. Titanium and aluminum alloys are common, as are advanced composite materials. Because of the extreme conditions aerospace equipment operates in, parts must be designed and manufactured to precise specification; the smallest error could lead to failure of the finished product. As a result, significant testing occurs at each stage of the production process.
Firms producing transport aircraft make up the largest segment of the civil (nonmilitary) aircraft portion of the industry. Civil transport aircraft are produced for air transportation businesses such as airlines and cargo transportation companies. These aircraft range from small turboprops to wide-body jets and are used to move people and goods all over the world. Another segment of civil aircraft is general aviation aircraft. Aircraft in this segment range from small two-seaters designed for leisure use to corporate jets used for business transport. Civil helicopters, which make up one of the smallest segments of civil aircraft, are commonly used by police and large city traffic departments, emergency medical services, and businesses such as oil and mining companies that need to transport people to remote work sites.
Aircraft engine manufacturers produce the engines used in civil and military aircraft. Because of the specialized work involved, aircraft engines are usually manufactured by separate companies, although they are designed and built according to the aircraft design and performance specifications of the aircraft manufacturers. Aircraft manufacturers may use engines designed by different companies on the same type of aircraft.
Military aircraft and helicopters are purchased by governments to meet national defense needs, such as delivering weapons to military targets and transporting troops and equipment around the globe. Some of these aircraft are specifically designed to deliver or guide a powerful array of ordnance to military targets with tremendous maneuverability and low detectability. Other aircraft, such as unmanned aerial vehicles, are produced to gather defense intelligence such as radio signals or to monitor movement on the ground.
Firms producing guided missiles and missile propulsion units sell primarily to military and government organizations. Although missiles are viewed predominantly as offensive weapons, improved guidance systems have led to their use as defensive systems. This part of the industry also produces space vehicles and the rockets for launching them into space. Consumers of spacecraft include the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the U.S. Department of Defense (DOD), telecommunications companies, television networks, and news organizations. Firms producing space satellites are discussed with the computer and electronic product manufacturing industry in this publication because satellites are primarily electronic products.
The Federal Government traditionally has been the aerospace industry’s biggest customer. The vast majority of Government contracts to purchase aerospace equipment are awarded by DOD. NASA also is a major purchaser of the industry’s products and services, mainly for space vehicles and launch services.
The aerospace industry is dominated by a few large firms that contract to produce aircraft with Government and private businesses, usually airline and cargo transportation companies. These large firms, in turn, subcontract with smaller firms to produce specific systems and parts for their vehicles. Government purchases are largely related to defense. Typically, DOD announces its need for military aircraft or missile systems, specifying a multitude of requirements. Large firms specializing in defense products subsequently submit bids, detailing proposed technical solutions and designs, along with cost estimates, hoping to win the contract. Firms also may research and develop materials, electronics, and components relating to their bid, often at their own expense, to improve their chances of winning the contract. Following a negotiation phase, a manufacturer is selected and a prototype is developed and built, then tested and evaluated. If approved by DOD, the craft or system enters production. This process usually takes many years.
The way in which commercial and military aircraft are designed, developed, and produced continues to undergo significant change in response to the need to cut costs and deliver products faster. Firms producing commercial aircraft have reduced development time drastically through computer-aided design and drafting (CADD), which allows firms to design and test an entire aircraft, including the individual parts, by computer; the specifications of these parts can be sent electronically to subcontractors around the world who use them to produce the parts. Increasingly, firms bring together teams composed of customers, engineers, and production workers to pool ideas and make decisions concerning the aircraft at every phase of product development. Additionally, the military has changed its design philosophy, using commercially available, off-the-shelf technology when appropriate, rather than developing new customized components.
Commercial airlines and private businesses typically identify their needs for a particular model of new aircraft based on a number of factors, including the routes they fly. After specifying requirements such as range, size, cargo capacity, type of engine, and seating arrangements, the airlines invite manufacturers of civil aircraft and aircraft engines to submit bids. Selection ultimately is based on a manufacturer’s ability to deliver reliable aircraft that best fit the purchaser’s stated market needs at the lowest cost and at favorable financing terms.