Tag Archives: labour

Eradicating poverty starts with youth development

Eradicating poverty starts with youth development – Dlamini

Pretoria – Reducing poverty among children and the youth can contribute towards the reduction of intergenerational transmitted poverty, says Deputy Minister of Social Development Bathabile Dlamini.

Deputy Minister of Social Development Ms Bathabile Dlamini

“We believe that education can play an important role in the long-term towards the fight against intergenerational poverty,” Dlamini said on Wednesday at Inkandla.

She was addressing the Independent Development Trust 2nd Annual Development Week Dialogue themed “Breaking the Cycle of Intergenerational Transmitted Poverty: From Rhetoric to Practice”.

The dialogue aimed to engage stakeholders on the issue of poverty and its impact on the livelihoods of people, from generation to generation.

In an effort to stop intergenerational poverty, Dlamini noted that government has developed a strategy to increase the number of youth in education, employment and training by 2014/15.

“This is because young people are viewed as our valued human resources, who must be assisted to find the necessary space of participation in the economy and the labour market.

“We must show confidence and invest in them because they constitute the future of our country by highlighting that the ability of children cannot be determined by their family backgrounds,” she said.

In fighting poverty, government has implemented the War on Poverty Campaign, which has already taken off across the country. Through this initiative, government is targeting the poorest households in a bid to assist each of them overcome the hardships of poverty.

Souce: BuaNews

Construction Laborers

Construction laborers can be found on almost all construction sites performing a wide range of tasks from the very easy to the potentially hazardous. They can be found at building, highway, and heavy construction sites; residential and commercial sites; tunnel and shaft excavations; and demolition sites. Many of the jobs they perform require physical strength, training, and experience. Other jobs require little skill and can be learned in a short amount of time. While most construction laborers specialize in a type of construction, such as highway or tunnel construction, some are generalists who perform many different tasks during all stages of construction. Construction laborers, who work in underground construction, such as in tunnels, or in demolition are more likely to specialize in only those areas.

Construction laborers clean and prepare construction sites. They remove trees and debris, tend pumps, compressors and generators, and build forms for pouring concrete. They erect and disassemble scaffolding and other temporary structures. They load, unload, identify, and distribute building materials to the appropriate location according to project plans and specifications. Laborers also tend machines; for example, they may mix concrete using a portable mixer or tend a machine that pumps concrete, grout, cement, sand, plaster, or stucco through a spray gun for application to ceilings and walls. They often help other craftworkers, including carpenters, plasterers, operating engineers, and masons.

Construction laborers are responsible for oversight of the installation and maintenance of traffic control devices and patterns. At highway construction sites, this work may include clearing and preparing highway work zones and rights of way; installing traffic barricades, cones, and markers; and controlling traffic passing near, in, and around work zones. They also dig trenches, install sewer, water, and storm drain pipes, and place concrete and asphalt on roads. Other highly specialized tasks include operating laser guidance equipment to place pipes; operating air, electric, and pneumatic drills; and transporting and setting explosives for tunnel, shaft, and road construction.

 

Some construction laborers help with the removal of hazardous materials, such as asbestos, lead, or chemicals.

Construction laborers operate a variety of equipment including pavement breakers; jackhammers; earth tampers; concrete, mortar, and plaster mixers; electric and hydraulic boring machines; torches; small mechanical hoists; laser beam equipment; and surveying and measuring equipment. They may use computers and other high-tech input devices to control robotic pipe cutters and cleaners. To perform their jobs effectively, construction laborers must be familiar with the duties of other craftworkers and with the materials, tools, and machinery they use.
Construction laborers often work as part of a team with other skilled craftworkers, jointly carrying out assigned construction tasks. At other times, construction laborers may work alone, reading and interpreting instructions, plans, and specifications with little or no supervision.

Work environment.

Most laborers do physically demanding work. They may lift and carry heavy objects, and stoop, kneel, crouch, or crawl in awkward positions. Some work at great heights, or outdoors in all weather conditions. Some jobs expose workers to harmful materials or chemicals, fumes, odors, loud noise, or dangerous machinery. Some laborers may be exposed to lead-based paint, asbestos, or other hazardous substances during their work especially when working in confined spaces. To avoid injury, workers in these jobs wear safety clothing, such as gloves, hardhats, protective chemical suits, and devices to protect their eyes, respiratory system, or hearing. While working in underground construction, construction laborers must be especially alert to safely follow procedures and must deal with a variety of hazards.
Construction laborers generally work 8-hour shifts, although longer shifts are common. Overnight work may be required when working on highways. In some parts of the country, construction laborers may work only during certain seasons. They may also experience weather-related work stoppages at any time of the year.
* Many construction laborer jobs require a variety of basic skills, but others require specialized training and experience.
* Most construction laborers learn on the job, but formal apprenticeship programs provide the most thorough preparation.
* Job opportunities vary by locality, but in many areas there will be competition, especially for jobs requiring limited skills.
* Laborers who have specialized skills or who can relocate near new construction projects should have the best opportunities.

Source: mediaclubsouthafrica.com, bls.gov