Tag Archives: carbon emissions

Manuel appointed chairperson of Global Climate Fund

Minister in The Presidency Trevor Manuel

South Africa’s Minister in The Presidency Trevor Manuel has recently been appointed as joint chairperson of the Green Climate Fund, which happens to be given the job of coming up with a finance system to assist developing countries get accustomed to climate change.

Manuel, who heads the South Africa’s National Planning Commission, is going to chair the Green Climate Fund alongside Mexican Finance Minister Ernesto Cordero Arroyo and Kjetil Lund, state secretary of the Norwegian Ministry of Finance.

The Green Fund was created soon after an agreement was signed at the 2010 UN climate change conference in Cancun, Mexico. The master plan was to start up a new institution to be able to set in motion international action when it comes to addressing climate change.

The fund comprises of a 40-member committee and is commissioned to raise and distribute R674-billion (U$100-billion) a year by 2020 in order to safeguard poor countries against the influences of climate change and be of assistance when it comes to low-carbon development.

The committee will get together four times in 2011 to put together a written report on the fund. The report will be presented to around 190 countries due to attend the UN climate change conference in Durban, South Africa, in December this year.

“The high level of interest among governments in adding to the design process can be described as a demonstration of the truly amazing interest among parties within the Green Climate Fund,” said UN’s Framework Convention for Climate Change executive secretary Christiana Figueres. “Parties have put forward skilled and recognized individuals from the areas of finance and climate change.”

The funds is going to be raised by way of public and private sponsorships, and additionally through a system of environmental taxes. The South African government’s proposed carbon levy is an example of an environmental tax.

Penalties for polluters

The South African government is contemplating a tax of R75 ($10.63) per ton of carbon dioxide emitted. In accordance with the government’s suggested “polluter pays principle”, they would like to take advantage of the carbon tax to cut back South Africa’s greenhouse emissions at the same time making certain that polluters are penalised. The country is looking to reduce its carbon emissions by 34% by 2020 and 42% by 2025.

“Carbon emissions have to be priced,” said Manuel. “The indisputable fact that you can pollute the atmosphere and never pay for that pollution has to be one of the most manifest market failures.”


South Africa is to a great extent dependent on coal as well as being the world’s 14th largest emitter of greenhouse gases. Committed to cutting emissions, the country intends to penalise companies which include state power company Eskom, along with other companies in dominant industrial sectors such as metals, mining and petrochemicals that operate with coal, which are classified as the most significant carbon emitters.

A world of experience

Manuel has vast practical experience and knowledge when it comes to dealing with global development. He has served on the UN’s High Level Advisory Group on Climate Change Finance in 2010 in addition to being appointed UN special envoy for Development Finance in 2008.

He chaired the 2007 G-20 summit and was previously a member of former UK prime minister Tony Blair’s 2004 to 2005 Commission for Africa.

In 2000 he chaired the World Bank and International Monetary Fund’s board of governors, not to mention the bank’s development committee from 2001 to 2005. He was also one of two UN special envoys to the 2002 Monterrey Financing for Development summit.

Source: mediaclubsouthafrica.com,

R500m approved for solar water heaters

The Ekurhuleni Metropolitan Municipality has recently agreed upon a sum of R500 million to install low pressure solar water heaters to homeowners that have already reaped the benefit as a result of government’s low cost housing programme.

The three-year roll out programme will most likely commence in the first quarter of this year and is particularly geared towards bringing down poverty levels by dramatically assisting homeowners save money on energy expenses, as well as at the same time leading to the lowering of carbon emissions.

Ekurhuleni executive mayor, Mondli Gungubele stated the particular programme was in fact an element of the National Solar Water Heating programme, unveiled in April this past year to have one million solar-water heaters placed in households throughout South Africa by 2014.

“The actual roll out of low pressure solar water heaters to low cost homeowners speaks to the core of our initiatives in order to save costs in respect most typically associated with the buying of electricity, as a consequence do something about poverty and underdevelopment,” said Gungubele.

Mayor of Ekurhuleni Municipality Mondli Gungubele

Simply by attempting to reach the 2014 intended target, Gungubele explained he was in fact self-assured and confident this will certainly greatly assist when it comes to achieving an additional national target of making sure that by 2013, 10 000 gigawatt-hours of final energy usage is supplied as a result of renewable energy.

The individuals and their families to reap the benefits because of the programme are in Daveyton, Etwatwa, Duduza, Kwa-Thema and Tsakane.

“Through process of moving over to solar water heating, every one of the houses within these regions could easily significantly help in reducing carbon emissions, a 150-litre solar-water heater, which is certainly sufficient for two to three people, can help to conserve 4.5 kilowatt-hours of electricity per day, and also 1.6 tons of carbon dioxide,” he was quoted saying.

At the same time, Gungubele stated that the metro is going to be placing a great deal more effort and hard work to bringing down the 121 000 number of households within proclaimed areas, that happen to be without electricity.

“All of us really should try to speed up the entire process of getting most of these households connected. This predicament necessitates that we operate differently and smarter,” he said.

The main focus areas include Palmridge Phase 2, Tinasonke, Eden Park, Extension 4 and Esselen Park.

Source: BuaNews

Renewable green power sources

It’s electric! You can check how much of your electricity comes from renewable “green” power sources, such as wind or solar. Green power produces less carbon emissions, reduces air pollution, and helps protect against future costs or scarcity of fossil fuels. If green power is a consumer option, check price differences from suppliers before you buy.

Source: epa.gov


Eat locally grown food

Local is lekker! When we eat food that has been grown locally, we reduce the distance that our food travels from its place of production to reach our table. If your food travels a shorter distance to the table, less carbon is emitted during the process of transportation, which means that your food has less impact on the environment. Buying locally produced food is also an effective way to support South African food producers – which reduces poverty – which reduces environmental degradation.

Source: the Enviropaedia