Water security is the ability of a society to make sure that they keep on having the means to access potable water. It has become a growing dilemma as a result of many factors including population growth, drought, climate change, El Niño and La Niña, urbanisation, salinity, upstream pollution, over-allocation of water licences by and over use of groundwater from artesian basins ultimately causing a water crisis in several regions of the world.
A water crisis can be described as a scenario where the readily available potable, unpolluted water within a region is less than the demand.The United Nations along with other world organizations believe that there are several locations around the world that already have water crises such that it is a global issue.
The following are some solutions to lower your daily water consumption:
- While washing dishes by hand, avoid letting the water run while you are rinsing. Fill one sink with water to wash and the other with water to rinse.
- Water your lawn and garden when temperature conditions are cooler to reduce evaporation. If at all possible in the morning or evening hours.
- Rinse off your vegetables and fruits in a pot of water as opposed to letting your tap run.
- Accumulate the water you use to wash fruits and vegetables, then reuse it to water indoor plants.
- Spread out a layer of organic and natural mulch around plants which will help to retain moisture as well as saves water, time and money.
- Start using a broom as opposed to a hose to clean your driveway and sidewalk.
- Test your shower. In the event your shower fills a one-gallon bucket in under 20 seconds, substitute the shower head with a water-efficient model.
- People are more prone to noticing leaks indoors, bear in mind to examine outdoor faucets, sprinklers and hoses for leaks.
- When purchasing a new washing machine, give some thought to those that provide you with cycle and load size adjustments. They’re significantly more water and energy efficient.
- Upgrade older toilets with water efficient units.