South Africa’s educational institutions have most certainly been at the cutting edge of HIV research during the past 10 years additionally , the University of Witwatersrand (Wits) holds the leading position country wide when it comes to providing scientific research concerning the pandemic, research carried out not too long ago suggested. This in turn positioned South Africa eighth internationally when it comes to HIV-Aids publication.
“Scientometrics of a Pandemic: HIV-Aids research in South Africa and the World”, a scientific study completed by Anthipi Pouris and Anastassios Pouris, was written and published in the Journal Scientometrics last year. The published research discussed the time frame between 2006 and 2010.
Wits put together 473 papers, or 20.42% of a countrywide total of 2,316 publications dedicated to HIV-Aids within the time period. The vast majority of have been written and published within the South African Medical Journal. It was closely followed by the University of Cape Town, which published 19.17% of papers, as well as the University of KwaZulu-Natal with 18.3%.
The University of Stellenbosch put together 196 expert articles, the University of Pretoria 97 as well as the University of the Western Cape with 71. An additional seven organizations – two science councils, three research institutes and two hospitals – collectively published the remaining portion of the more or less 30% of total publications associated with HIV-Aids.
“It is actually unexpected the reaction of the scientific community. South Africa is known for a pluralistic system of development and as a result seriously isn’t responsive to direction provision,” said Professor Anastassios Pouris, one of several researchers and director of the Institute for Technological Innovation at the University of Pretoria.
He continued to explain that it was evident of the fact that the scientific community had settled upon its very own to come up with a contribution towards the country’s most significant challenge, combined with individual research workers transferring towards the discipline.
The UNAIDS Global Report 2008 exposed the fact that there are approximately 33 million individuals were living with HIV throughout the world, with close to 22 million of these individuals in Sub-Saharan Africa. South Africa possesses the largest volume of HIV infections globally, with an estimated 5.6 million men and women in 2009. Additionally, it is estimated that approximately 310,000 South Africans died of Aids in 2009.
Pouris talked about the fact that the endeavours by the Department of Science and Technology to link the scientific community along with the European Union’s programmes could quite possibly have added to somewhat of a increase in HIV-Aids scientific studies during the time period, despite the fact that this specific fact required additional research and further investigation.
The research discovered that South Africa is constantly generating progressively more HIV-Aids applicable publications, despite the fact that the USA when it comes to the 19,542 publications between 2005 and 2007 maintains the world record followed by the United Kingdom, France, Italy, Canada and Germany. South Africa is listed eighth in the world.
Pouris also explained that South African researchers for the most part focused entirely on immunology, public health, virology and pediatrics when it comes to HIV-Aids, and in addition they collaborated predominantly with professionals in the US, England, Canada and France.
Clinical medicine has been the predominant area of study in South Africa as well as the world, Pouris suggested, adding that comparison revealed South Africa underemphasized molecular biology and genetics biology and biochemistry, pharmacology and pharmacy whilst at the same time overemphasizing challenges associated with social sciences.
A fundamental and crucial weak point in South Africa is definitely the constrained resources allotted within the nations educational institutions, both for research along with other activities Pouris proclaimed. A deficiency of resources has produced sub-critical research groups. In his personal opinion he believes the government ought to raise significantly the financial commitment within the nation’s educational institutions exactly as what is occurring throughout OECD nations around the world he emphasized.