The United Nations Development Program has released its annual Human Development Index – a report that highlights education, health and income of nations – and Norway has been rated the best place to live. Zimbabwe was last place.
The UN’s Human Development Index released its 20th anniversary edition of the human development report that puts Norway, Australia and New Zealand as the best nations to live in. Meanwhile, Zimbabwe, Congo and Niger have been ranked the worst places to live in.
The report, which was first released in 1990, put the United States, Ireland, Liechtenstein, Canada, Sweden and Germany as the next seven best places to live in. Mali, Burkina Faso, Liberia, Chad, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and Burundi were seven nations ranked in the bottom.
The purpose of the annual report is to highlight education and health achievements around the world. The HDI also uses advanced data and methodologies that were not available in 1990, including education, health and income information. For example, when measuring education, the UN used expected years of schooling for children rather than overall enrollment. Plus, the average years of adult school replaced adult literacy rates. However, life expectancy still remains the primary factor for health.
“The Human Development Reports have changed the way we see the world,” Ban Ki-moon said. “We have learned that while economic growth is very important, what ultimately matters is using national income to give all people a chance at a longer, healthier and more productive life.”
“This year’s HDI should not be compared to the HDI that appeared in previous editions of the Human Development Report due to the use of different indicators and Calculations,” states the report. “The 2010 HDI charts national ranking changes over five-year intervals, rather than on a year-to-year basis.”
Helen Clark said, “the Report shows that people today are healthier, wealthier and better educated than before. While not all trends are positive, there is much that countries can do to improve people’s lives, even in adverse conditions. This requires courageous local leadership as well as the continuing commitment of the international community.”
Emerging nations such as Brazil, China and India were stagnant in the ranks. Brazil stayed at the number 73 spot, China moved up one to 89 and India went to 119 from 120 in 2009.